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Terroir and Biodiversity : In the heart of the Aix-en-Provence vineyard area, the alternating forests and valleys of the Château Bas estate offer a variety of microclimates and terroirs that are particularly conducive to vine-growing. The altitude of the estate rises from 180 metres to 321 metres. This wide range of altitudes provides Château Bas with distinct climatic differences within the estate’s unbroken block of 300 hectares (741 acres). The total surface area of the estate is divided up as follows: - 75 hectares (185 acres) of vines - 2.5 hectares (6.17 acres) of olive trees - hectare (2.47 acres) of almond trees - Over 220 hectares (543 acres) of forest The vines are planted on dry, sun-drenched clay-limestone slopes within cool, shady valleys. The Mistral wind, blowing from the north-west, is an integral part of the terroir and can suddenly transform this tranquil Aix province into a tumultuous, glacial cauldron. It has a positive impact however on the grapes, preserving their health and enhancing the concentration of juices. Another positive feature of the Château Bas terroir is its biodiversity. The estate’s extensive surface area enables it to maintain substantial and varied Biodiversity. A large number of insects have found refuge here due to the estate’s very early conversion to organic farming. Bees, hornets, all types of birds, wild boar and deer are among the wildlife that play a large part in preserving the balances in the estate’s natural environment. Farming: Château Bas has been organically-farmed since 2010. The soils are carefully maintained to protect biodiversity and life within the soils themselves. Biodiversity also plays an important role in the plants’ nutrition as well as increasing their resistance to climatic or biological hazards.